The Burren (/ˈbʌrən/; Irish: Boireann, meaning ‘great rock’) is a region of environmental interest primarily located in northwestern County Clare, Ireland, dominated by glaciated karst (or sometimes glaciokarst) landscape.
The Burren (/ ˈbʌrən /; Irish: Boireann, meaning ‘great rock’) is a region of environmental interest primarily located in northwestern County Clare, Ireland, dominated by glaciated karst (or sometimes glaciokarst) landscape.
Farming & The Burren landscape
Karst Region The Burren
Frequently Asked Questions
Is the Burren a karst landscape?
The Burren is one of the finest examples of a Glacio-Karst landscape in the world. At least two glacial advances are known in the Burren area. ... It is thought that most of the Burren was overrun by ice during this glaciation.
How was the Burren landscape formed?
The rocks that make up the Burren were all formed during the Carboniferous period between 359 and 299 million years ago. ... The limestones were deposited slowly over a very long period of time, around 20 million years and much of the rock is actually made up of little bits of broken fossils.
Is the Burren a desert?
To the west of the Shannon, the polished rocks of the Burren limestone desert lined with caves and underground streams are the last traces of glacial erosion.
What landforms are in the Burren?
Examples of glaciokarst landforms in the Burren include limestone pavements, dolines and uvalas (enclosed depressions), gorges, springs, swallowholes (where streams disappear underground), dry valleys (no longer occupied by rivers), caves, glacial striae, glacial erratics, turloughs (seasonal lakes) and karren (small- ...
Which is the best description of the Burren landscape?
The geological terminology most commonly used to describe the contemporary Burren landscape is ‘glaciated karst’, a reflection of the two most significant processes that sculpted it from its original, largely homogeneous, form.
What kind of limestone is in the Burren?
The Burren is a very large area of Carboniferous limestone, as is much of the central plain of Ireland. In the Burren, the limestone is exposed or very thinly covered. This is what makes it so special.
What kind of plants live in the Burren?
The grey limestone pavement of the Burren with its characteristic karstic feature of clints and grikes. Grikes are the deeply eroded gullies of the limestone, which provide a home to a wide range of plants from ferns to flowers. Clints are the higher block like structures of the limestone. The surface of the limestone is not completely smooth.
How big is the base of the Burren?
About 500m limestone is visible on the surface of the Burren; the base is another 300m! Changes in sea levels exposed the limestone. These rocks were weathered and dissolved by rainwater to form ancient Karst landscapes.