Start at the bottom and work up, overlapping the stones at risers so the upper stone is on top of the lower one. Place riser stones first, if using regular blocks. Set them firmly in place, then lay tread stones behind them. Use a tape measure to adjust riser locations to conform to the width of tread stones.
- Measure the slope and decide on a path for the steps. …
- Design the steps. Plan treads at least a foot wide and risers at least 4 inches and preferably 6 to 8 inches high.
- Decide on a type of stone. Limestone, sandstone and fieldstone can be obtained in large, fairly flat pieces.
- Excavate the step area with a shovel, in roughly the pattern the steps will follow, at least twice the depth of the stone to be laid.
- Set the stones in place. Lay individual stones on the sand and level them with a level by adjusting the amount of base under them.
- Use curbing stones for risers as an option. These are thinner stones set upright (like vertical pavers) to make the risers, with flagstones or other flat stones laid …
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Frequently Asked Questions
How are natural stone steps calculated?
To determine the number of stone steps, measure the height difference using a level string line (Photo 1). Then divide that measurement by the height of the step block you intend to use (ours was 6 in.). The result won't come out exact, but don't worry. Plan for the smallest number of steps.
How do you put stone steps on a hill?
Use a sod cutter to cut straight down into the hillside and a flat shovel to cut horizontally into the hill. You must cut down as deep as the height of the rock. Ideally, the stair treads should be about 8 inches high and 12 inches deep, so the should use rocks that fit these dimensions.
Can you build stone steps out of sand?
Once you have your stones and bedding sand, you can get to work! Carve out space in your slope for each stone individually.