With arrival of a summer season of many summer residents and owners of private houses visits a thought of creation on the personal plot of a reservoir. The reservoir can have not only decorative properties, but also gives the chance to be refreshed in it in hot days. Depending on opportunities of the site and the material component reservoirs can be the most different sizes. The cool which blows from the fountain of a streamlet or falls so saves from a heat and gives forces and cheerfulness. Very much often such reservoirs are called water gardens as they are surely surrounded with various plants. Very important, at decoration of the reservoir, it is correct to pick up the deciduous and blossoming plants.
Ways of decoration of a reservoir
In order that the pond on the site long time remained healthy and beautiful and did not turn into the swamp covered with heavy-bodied thickets over time it is necessary to choose carefully plants for it. They have to grow both at the edges of a reservoir, and in water. It is important also because many seasonal dachas have not enough the free area from beds. Probably, it will not be absolutely pleasant to see landings of cabbage or cucumbers near a water garden.
The squared reference pool or stone falls will not be absolutely appropriate in such cases. It is possible to build, for example, the raised reservoir with the vacation spot or a pond with small falls on the one hand and heavy-bodied vegetation with another. The modern technologies allow to make the fountain a geyser in the center of a water garden or a pond with a fluffy grass lawn ashore.
Reservoirs of the larger sizes
If the site allows to build a reservoir of the big area, then for this purpose it will be required to create the present project beforehand. In it all will be considered to the smallest details: materials, species of plants, decorative components (for example, a stone, figures, illumination, vacation spots, the pump for water etc). Decoration of such reservoir will require a maximum of creativity and imagination, on such square it is possible to realize many interesting ideas. To clear up to eat where is both coast of a reservoir and the water surface.
Larger reservoirs have very important advantage before ponds, small by the size, – because of a deep water water does not blossom and long time remains clear. It allows to grow up a large number of water plants at various depth without fear for their full development.
On edge of such reservoir it is possible to create a natural corner from coastal semi-bushes and bushes, evergreen representatives of flora, and immediately in water marsh plants will perfectly get accustomed. Are most often used an iris marsh, a lotus, the snake mountaineer, and from tall – a cane, reed, a bergenia, cattails, a heathen, a pontederiya and others.
The unusual water oasis can be organized even in the smallest territory. For skillful hands the area does not matter at all. Even the small pond with numerous plants will always give a cool and to please hearing with water splash. Representatives of fauna – frogs, tritons, dragonflies and water measures very quickly settle in tiny reservoirs also.
Plants for such water garden need to be chosen how quickly they grow and how magnificently expand. It is very important that the pond as long as possible remained a reservoir, but did not become a small bog. Experienced handymen recommend to plant more plants on edge of a reservoir and at least on its water surface.
Favorably feel on such ponds and the water hyacinth, cuckooflower, a true forget-me-not, irises of dwarfish types and also higher plants – a bamboo, a sedge and various decorative cereals are pleasing to the eye environmental. That water plants at growth could be thinned out, more conveniently to put them in small flower containers. In winter time such containers with plants can be transferred to house conditions.
That the space of a pond did not grow with plants in few days, you should not land near a reservoir typha and reed, they have ability of rapid growth.
Reservoirs of a geometrical form
At a reservoir construction in the form of a circle the classical fountainlet will well look in the center. And here square or rectangular water gardens will require more rigorous decor. Such reservoirs are often surrounded with stone walls of small height. Plants have to correspond to this style and emphasize his elegance. It can be the ivy, a Buxus with a decorative hairstyle and rush flower which will perfectly look as a pond frame. And here lotuses and water-lilies will be ideal for decoration of the water surface. The coast of such reservoir can be decorated with the trudging roses or other climbers.
Decoration of falls and streamlets
The quiet streamlet in the form of a slow water stream can be organized the hands without any experience. The bed of such streamlet will be narrow and is built from large stones or a river rubble. As the area of the water surface not wide, as water plants will be to land algas enough, and here on the coast of such reservoir it is desirable to place dwarfish willows or cedars, coniferous semi-bushes, the dicenters of different shades and also irises.
It is much easier to create «mountain» falls if the land plot chosen for it is located on a slope. For a bed it is necessary to choose stones of the average size and it is desirable one breed. Steps for water flow will be formed of them. That coast of falls looked festively and lightened the mood, it is necessary to choose fresh complexions of plants for landing: irises, to a marsh marigold, mint. It will be good to feel near such reservoir a spiked loosestrife and rush flower. As water plants the water forget-me-not, water-lilies a dwarfish sedge will approach.
Decoration of springs and fountains
Depth of these reservoirs usually small therefore plants for them need to be chosen raznourovnevy and no more than three copies. Plants need to be planted only at the edges of the water surface or on water. From high representatives of flora more effectively the sedge, irises and a sagittaria will look here. In close proximity to water it is possible to arrange a potentilla or typha. And here on the water surface white, pink or red water-nymph and also water salad will ideally fit in. You should not plant plants to the spring.
Plants, the most suitable for various reservoirs
Choosing plants for landing in self-contained built pond it is very important to consider on what depth they need to be landed. With a disharmonious depth of landing of a plant will not get accustomed on the new place or will have an unhealthy appearance. Specifically each plant has the preferences about it and they need to be considered. One of them can grow only in shallow water, others – deeply, and the third – only near the water surface. It is conditional all house reservoirs on depth consist of five main parts.
Deep-water zone depth from 40 centimeters and is considered more. In this part of a reservoir plants whose leaves and flowers prefer to be on a water surface, and stalks and a root part – in water perfectly develop. If pond depth about a meter, then plants are capable to feel normally even in winter time. At such depth they do not freeze.
Most of all the deep-water zone is suitable for such plants: water-lilies, lotuses, water star, water starweed, water buttercup, hornwort, featherfoil and caltrop.
Depth from 10 to 40 centimeters is considered a shallow zone. Ornamental plants of dwarfish breeds or undersized types at which only a root part has to be constantly in water are necessary for such pond and at the same time all plant will to develop and grow perfectly and fully. Usually in shallow water it is accepted to plant the blossoming plants with stalks of average height and with a decorative sheet part.
The most suitable plants: irises are marsh, a sagittaria, an myrtleflag cereal or marsh, a marestail, canada water weed, a water starweed.
In such zone height from a water edge to the bottom – is no more than 10 centimeters. The water line on such sites very often changes in one, in other party because of long and plentiful rainfall. Such changes are a stress for many plants therefore the most adapted types and grades will be able to grow on these sites only.
The plants capable it is comfortable to feel in this zone: euphorbia, typha, sedge, manna grass, bur-reed, water arum, loosestrife, watch, water plantain, saururus.
Meadow and the soil with a moisture surplus
Coastal sites which are with water in close proximity with constant rehumidification of the soil remind the wet lawn. Very often water from a reservoir fills in the surface of the nearby soil. It happens because of weather conditions or excessive rainfall.
Plants, most suitable for this zone: bergenia, moneywort, irises, primroses, spiderwort, globeflower, shuttlecock fern, heathen, Aruncus, loosestrife, lychnis, hosta.
On the area each owner of the seasonal dacha can have different this zone depending on the total area of land grounds. The fact that the reservoir is very close makes only positive impact on development and body height of coastal plants. On such sites it is possible to grow up any plants intended for a garden and a flower bed. The soil always the moderately wet and waterings are required extremely seldom.
All transition from a reservoir to the garden site can be set with the corresponding species of plants: rhododendrons, bushes of a guelder-rose and ephedra, decorative grades of apple-trees, cereals, ferns, geranium.
Purity of a reservoir and the exact care of it will keep and will increase greatly beauty of plants and also many years will be able to please with a cool and freshness.